The ancient Greeks made a list of places they thought people should see. This list was named the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The Greeks chose seven wonders, because in their culture this number symbolized perfection.
The first reference to the idea of World Wonders is found in History of Herodotus as long ago as the 5th century BC.In the city of Alexandria in Egypt during the second century BC, the Greek writers, Antipater of Sidon and Philon of Byzantium came up with two lists of Seven Wonders that made people of their time stand and stare in astonishment.The standard list of the Seven World Wonders are those of the Ancient World. All but one of the Seven Wonders are gone.
The Seven Wonders of the World
1. The Great Pyramid of Egypt
The only one of the ancient wonders that still exists is in Giza, Egypt. This wonder is the Great Pyramid of Giza. It was one of three great pyramids built around 2500 B.C. It is the oldest wonder of the seven
Location At the city of Giza, a necropolis of ancient Memphis, and today part of Greater Cairo, Egypt.
2.The Hanging Gardens of Babylon
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon are another ancient wonder. This wonder is special because people do not know for sure if it existed.
Location On the east bank of the River Euphrates, about 50 km south of Baghdad, Iraq.
3.The Statue of Zeus at Olympia
The Statue of Zeus was built in Olympia, Greece in 457 B.C. This statue was built to honor the Greek god Zeus. The statue was as tall as a four-story building! It was made of wood and decorated with gold and ivory. Unfortunately, the statue was destroyed by a fire and no longer exists for us to see.
Location At the ancient town of Olympia, on the west coast of modern Greece, about 150 km west of Athens
4.The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus was considered the most beautiful structure on earth. It was built to honor the goddess of hunting, nature, and fertility. Ephesus was an ancient city that was located in what is now Turkey
The ancient city of Ephesus near the modern town of Selcuk, about 50 km south of Izmir (Smyrna) in Turkey
5.The Mausoleum at halicarnassus
The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus. This tomb was built for King Mausolus of Caria. Some of the best artists and craftsmen of the time period helped build and decorate this beautiful tomb. The mausoleum was finished around 350 B.C. Later, several earthquakes damaged the mausoleum
Location In the city of Bodrum (formerly, Halicarnassus) on the Aegean Sea, in south-west Turkey
6.The Colossus of Rhodes
Greeks built a very big statue to honor the Greek sun god, Helios. This wonder is known as the Colossus of Rhodes. The Colossus of Rhodes took twelve years to build. It was finished in 226 B.C. It was 110 feet high. That is about the same size as the Statue of Liberty
Location At the entrance of the harbor of the Mediterranean island of Rhodes in Greece.
7.The Pharos of Alexandria
This was a lighthouse off the coast of Egypt. It was once the tallest building in the world. There was a very large mirror inside this lighthouse. It was used to reflect sunlight to help warn ships that they were getting close to the shoreline. At night, a fire was lit inside the Pharos of Alexandria to help sailors. The design and building of this lighthouse started in 290 B.C. It was later ruined by earthquakes
Location On the ancient island of Pharos, now a promontory within
the city of Alexandria in Egypt
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